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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Houston Geological Society Bulletin


Houston Geological Society Bulletin, Volume 17, No. 1, September 1974. Pages 4-4.

Abstract: A Lower Cretaceous (Comanchean) Prograding Shelf and Associated Environments of Deposition, Northern Coahuila, Mexico


Previous HitWalterTop E. Bloxsom

A Cretaceous, Comanchean age shelf in northern Coahuila, Mexico, is divided into four distinct facies: the foreshelf, the platform margin, the platform bank, and the platform interior. Each facies has characteristic lithologies, primary textures, and fauna.

A rapid transgression in latest Aptian time covered shallow water carbonate sediments of the Cupido Formation within the study area. An initial depositional slope of about seven feet per mile relative to the flattened top Cupido Formation can be constructed using the first stratigraphic occurrence of Colomiella and Hedbergella. In middle Albian time, a shallow water carbonate shelf developed and began prograding into the ancestral Gulf of Mexico. A time line marking the end of Trinity/beginning of Fredericksburg deposition is established on the first stratigraphic occurrence of the foraminifer Barkerina in the shelf facies and the last stratigraphic occurrence of the tintinnid Colomiella recta in the foreshelf - facies. The relief of the shelf relative to the foreshelf at this time was about 900 feet. At the culmination of shelf development, in earliest Cenomanian time, the relief of the shelf margin is estimated to have been about 1500 feet.

Marine leaching and fibrous calcite cementation, especially in caprinid shells, indicate a very early, complex diagenetic history for the platform margin and bank facies. No evidence was found that the shelf sediments in this area were subaerially exposed for any significant length of time early in their diagenetic history, except for the Las Pilas Formation. The Las Pilas is the proposed formation name for a latest Albian and earliest Cenomanian grainstone sequence that has diagenetic characteristics similar to the Pleistocene carbonates of south Florida.

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