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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Houston Geological Society Bulletin


Houston Geological Society Bulletin, Volume 38, No. 5, January 1996. Pages 11-11.

Abstract: DREAM™ - Drilling and Real Time Migration: A New Method for the Geophysical Monitoring of Wells


Luca Bertelli, Luca Savini, and Luca Aleotti
Agip S.p.a., Milan, Italy

Interpreted seismic sections and derived maps in time and/or Previous HitdepthNext Hit are normally used to locate wells. The same data are subsequently modified and reinterpreted on the basis of final well results. In the drilling phase, there is a sort of blackout in the use of geophysical information. The "migration while drilling continuously" (MWDC©) method is a new approach to the while drilling geophysical monitoring of a well. The approach makes it possible to answer two basic questions: Where is the bit in relation to the seismic section? Is the geological prognosis coherent with the while-drilling information?

Starting from a Previous HitdepthNext Hit reference section obtained with an initial Previous HitvelocityNext Hit field, the method allows the operator to continuously update the Previous HitvelocityNext Hit field while drilling, and thus to refine the Previous HitdepthNext Hit model and iterate the Previous HitdepthNext Hit migration. The seismic velocities obtained by recording systems (i.e., Seisbit, or Tomex), which exploit the noise generated by the bit as a source of acoustic energy, are the most suitable to integrate well and migration velocities. Other velocities may also be derived from logging-while-drilling (LWD) measurements. One of the main advantages of seismic-while-drilling (SWD) tools compared to the other possible sources of data is the capability of prediction "ahead of the bit." As the original Previous HitdepthNext Hit seismic image is continually updated, integrating the new well Previous HitvelocityNext Hit information on the initial model, the seismic image becomes more and more reliable. With this more reliable image, important decisions can be made, such as redefining the well program, picking casing points, predicting over-pressured zones, etc.

Agip and Western Atlas are developing a new product that combines MWDC© principles and software from Western Atlas. The software package (DREAM™) is structured into four main modules: a project database, a while-drilling info package (Well Data Analysis), a modeling module, and the Previous HitdepthNext Hit-processing package. The prototype actually handles 2-D seismic data, but extensions to 3-D data sets are presently being developed. The core of the DREAM™ package is the integration between surface Previous HitvelocityNext Hit data (geophysical time domain) and well Previous HitvelocityNext Hit data (geological Previous HitdepthNext Hit domain) that have a different physical meaning and, therefore, may vary a great deal. Those Previous HitvelocityNext Hit Previous HitfunctionsNext Hit are processed by an interactive module (Well Data Analysis) that calculates, Previous HitusingNext Hit linear and non-linear regression techniques, the new Previous HitvelocityNext Hit profile. This new Previous HitvelocityNext Hit information is added to the flow of operations so that the initial Previous HitvelocityNext Hit model can be changed laterally and vertically Previous HitusingNext Hit also the section's structural information. The resulting model makes it possible to obtain a new Previous HitdepthNext Hit (and time) seismic image Previous HitusingTop migration or conversion algorithms. Both MWDC© principle and DREAM™ prototypes have been practically applied on synthetic data sets and real cases. Examples will be shown concerning an exploration well located in the Po River plain.

MWDC© - Agip patent

DREAM™ - Western Atlas patent

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