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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 50 (1966)

Issue: 3. (March)

First Page: 631

Last Page: 632

Title: Rates and Mechanisms in Formation of Dolomite: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Melvin N. A. Peterson, Christopher C. von der Borch

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Dolomite is forming in Deep Springs Lake, California, and marine-associated Coorong lakes of South Australia. Dolomite forms via a surface-layer precursor, which is commonly calcium-rich in comparison

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with the main body of the crystal, and which yields a calcium-rich dolomite by solid-state diffusion. This can be demonstrated to be true of most dolomite which forms in the absence of extraneous phases of calcite and magnesian calcite, Previous HitfromNext Hit both the marine-associated Coorong lakes and Deep Springs Lake, by employing the following methods: (1) progressive leachings, with attendant chemical analyses; (2) X-ray Previous HitdiffractionNext Hit; and (3) electron microscopy. X-ray Previous HitdiffractionNext Hit data show that it is also true of dolomite forming in the presence of such extraneous phases. Dolomite also forms in the presence of magnesite or calcian magnesite, in certain of the marine-associated Coorong lakes; such dolomite is slightly magnesium rich. This dolomite probably forms via a magnesium-rich precursor, dep sited as a layer on the individual crystals of dolomite, in much the same manner as the calcium-rich layer on the calcium-rich dolomite. Carbon-14 dates of the calcium-rich dolomite Previous HitfromTop Deep Springs Lake yield growth rates of 500-900 angstroms/103 years.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists