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Abstract

AAPG Bulletin, V. 97, No. 3 (March 2013), P. 363377.

Copyright copy2013. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. All rights reserved.

DOI:10.1306/09121212057

Fractured tight sandstone oil and gas reservoirs: A new play type in the Dongpu depression, Bohai Bay Basin, China

Lianbo Zeng,1 Hui Su,2 Xiaomei Tang,3 Yongmin Peng,4 Lei Gong5

1State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting in China Petroleum University, Beijing, People's Republic of China; lbzeng@sina.com
2Zhongyuan Oilfield Branch, China Petroleum amp Chemical Corporation, Puyang, People's Republic of China; suhui@zydzy.com
3College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, People's Republic of China; tangxiaomei98@yahoo.com.cn
4Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, Sinopec, Beijing, People's Republic of China; pengyongmin2005@163.com
5College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, People's Republic of China; kcgonglei@foxmail.com

ABSTRACT

Although conventional reservoirs dominate the Bohai Basin, China, a new type of sandstone reservoir also exists in the Dongpu depression that has a low matrix porosity (tight) in which natural fractures govern both permeability and porosity. These fractured sandstones are located on a structurally modified buried hill underlying Paleogene mudstones, and are truncated along an angular unconformity. The fractured sandstone oils of the Triassic Liujiagou, Heshanggou, and Ermaying Formations are derived from the Paleogene Shahejie Formation, which reached peak oil generation and expulsion during the Oligocene to early Miocene (32.8–15.6 Ma). Gas was generated primarily during the Paleogene from Carboniferous and Permian coals. Petrographic evidence suggests that oil and gas emplacement followed the compaction and cementation of the Triassic sandstone reservoirs. Fluid inclusion evidence and burial history analysis suggest that fractures developed before oil emplacement but may have coincided with peak gas generation, which suggests that oil and gas mainly migrated and accumulated in fractures.

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