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Depositional Systems in the Wilcox Group of Texas and Their Relationship to Occurrence of Oil and Gas (1)
W. L. Fisher, J. H McGowen
Regional investigation of the lower part of the Wilcox Group in Texas in outcrop and subsurface indicates seven principal depositional systems. These include: (1) Mt. Pleasant Fluvial System developed updip and in outcrop north of the Colorado River; (2) Rockdale Delta System, present primarily in subsurface, chiefly between the Guadalupe and Sabine Rivers; (3) Pendleton Lagoon-Bay System in outcrop and subsurface largely on the southern flank of the Sabine Uplift; (4) San Marcos Strandplain-Bay System, occurring in outcrop and subsurface mainly on the San Marcos Arch; (5) Cotulla Barrier Bar System in subsurface of South Texas; (6) Indio Bay-Lagoon System developed updip and in outcrop of South Texas; and (7) South Texas Shelf System, an extensive system entirely within subsurface of South Texas. The Rockdale Delta System, consisting of large lobate wedges of muds, sands, and carbonaceous deposits, is the thickest and most extensive of the Lower Wilcox depositional systems. It grades updip to the thinner terrigenous facies of the Mt. Pleasant Fluvial System. Deposits of the Rockdale Delta System were the source of sediments redistributed by marine processes and deposited in laterally adjacent marine systems. Delineation of depositional systems and, more specifically, delineation of component facies of the various systems, permits establishment of regional oil and gas trends which show relationship of producing fields and distribution of potentially producing trends.
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