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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Houston Geological Society Bulletin


Houston Geological Society Bulletin, Volume 20, No. 8, April 1978. Pages 3-3.

Abstract: Characteristics of Wilcox Gas Reservoirs, Northeast Thompsonville Field, Jim Hogg and Webb Counties, Texas


Previous HitRobertTop R. Berg and Frederick J. Tedford

Gas was discovered in upper Wilcox sandstones in 1959 at Northeast Thompsonville field. Reservoirs are found on a faulted anticline at depths ranging from 9400 to 13,700 ft. The Wilcox is predominantly shale, and stratigraphic units thicken off structure. At the crest of the structure is a growth fault that has about 1100 ft of throw down to the basin, with a dip of about 30 degrees which decreases in the deep section near 12,000 ft.

Sandstones are thinly bedded, 1 to 2 ft thick, with interlaminated black shale. Bed sets display a sequence of graded, structureless sandstone overlain by laminated sandstone. This sequence appears to represent an ABE turbidite, probably of channel origin. Thinner sandstones are laminated and ripple-bedded, representing more complete turbidite sequences of the ABCDE type, but some thin sandstones are less complete BCE and CDE turbidites. The thinner sandstones are probably of overbank origin. Average grain size is 0.13 mm (fine grained), and bed sets are commonly graded from 0.15 mm at the base to 0.06 mm at the top. Average detrital composition is 64% monocrystalline quartz, 6% feldspar, 2% rock fragments including polycrystalline quartz, 27% matrix, and 1% other grains. Common cement is silica as grain overgrowths and, more rarely, siderite. Total cement averages 17% of bulk composition. The best average porosities and permeabilities are on the order of 23% and 200 md, respectively, and are found in thicker channel turbidites. The morphology of reservoirs is illustrated by the uppermost Wilcox, Hinnant 1 sandstone that has a gross thickness of about 90 ft. Within the Hinnant are massive sandstone sections composed largely of AE and ABE turbidite sets. The massive units range from 30 to 75 ft in thickness, forming narrow, dip-trending concentrations of channel turbidites that are the principal reservoir sandstones.

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