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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 47 (1963)

Issue: 12. (December)

First Page: 2077

Last Page: 2077

Title: Pennwell-to-Means Upper San Andres Reef of West Texas: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Addison Young

Article Type: Meeting abstract


The Permian Central Basin platform consists in large part of a great carbonate build-up of Wolfcamp to upper Guadalupe age, and within it may be recognized a great many individual but related reefs. One of the best revealed of these reefs is one of upper San Andres age which extends more than 70 miles along the east flank of the Central Basin platform from the Pennwell-Jordan pool of Crane and Ector Counties to the Means pool of northern Andrews County. Isopach and facies studies demonstrate that during upper San Andres time this reef grew in relatively shallow water along the then eastern margin of the platform. On the east lay somewhat deeper water of the Midland basin where rocks of the same age are sandstone, limestone, and dolomite. On the opposite or western side of the reef the water was nearly as shallow as over the reef itself, but slightly more saline, and the rock is dolomite with traces of anhydrite.

Growth of the upper San Andres reef ceased at the close of San Andres time, but the reef was affected by subsequent post-San Andres crustal movements so that now the southern part of the reef is 600 feet higher than the northern end.

During reef growth, porosity developed widely throughout its extent and can now be traced almost continuously from the southern to the northern extremity, but beyond the reef toward the east and the west relatively little porosity was produced. By the beginning of post-San Andres time the voids had been filled with fluids: gas, oil, and water. These fluids, according to their specific gravities, responded to subsequent structural movements, within the limits of available porosity, so that now the oil is concentrated in the several pools which occupy much of the trend.

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