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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 48 (1964)

Issue: 4. (April)

First Page: 529

Last Page: 529

Title: Basement Control of Keweenawan and Cambrian Sedimentation in the Lake Superior Region: ABSTRACT

Author(s): W. K. Hamblin

Article Type: Meeting abstract


A study of Keweenawan and Cambrian sediments in the Lake Superior region indicates that major structural trends in the basement rocks exerted a prolonged and profound influence upon sedimentation and development of post-depositional structural features. The major structural elements trend east-west throughout most of northern Michigan, northeast throughout Minnesota and western Ontario, and north-south to east-west near the eastern shore of Lake Superior. Paleocurrent directions show that the depositional strike and outline of the Precambrian Keweenaw sedimentary basin were essentially parallel with these structural trends. Source areas were located near the margins of the present Lake Superior. Subsidence of the basin permitted great thickness of lava and clastic sedimen to accumulate with little or no variation in the regional slope. Structural contours and isopach lines of the Keweenawan sequence are parallel with paleoslope contours of the Keweenaw basin, indicating that subsidence parallel with basement structural trends was a controlling factor for dispersal patterns and sediment accumulation. Basement control of sedimentation continued throughout most of Cambrian time.

Post-depositional structural features such as the Lake Superior syncline and the Keweenaw fault as well as the present Lake Superior basin also parallel basement structural trends.

It is concluded that resurgent tectonics have been active in the Lake Superior region since pre-Keweenawan time and have exerted a significant effect upon the area up to the present.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists