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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 56 (1972)

Issue: 9. (September)

First Page: 1903

Last Page: 1903

Title: Petrology and Diagenesis of Tertiary Aquifer Carbonates, North Carolina: ABSTRACT

Author(s): P. A. Thayer, D. A. Textoris

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Superior stone quarry near New Bern, North Carolina, exposes 9.2 m of Eocene Castle Hayne Limestone that is disconformably overlain by 2 m of an unnamed Oligocene carbonate unit. Both form part of the most important aquifer system in eastern North Carolina.

The Eocene Castle Hayne strata are divisible into 2 massively bedded facies: (A) a sandy, pelecypod-mold biomicrudite with microspar and pseudospar matrix, and (B) a sandy, pelecypod-mold biosparite and biosparrudite, which grades westward into calcareous quartz sand. Facies A consists of unabraded pelecypod valves (dominantly molds of aragonite Macrocallista shells) and 20% by volume of moderately well-sorted, fine quartz sand that are set in microspar and pseudospar. Facies B consists of pelecypod valves (chiefly molds of worn, fragmented, and unabraded Macrocallista) and 27% of well-sorted, fine quartz sand. Sparry calcite cement forms 41% of this facies. Subordinate allochems in both are gastropods, foraminifers, bryozoans, echinoderms, ostracods, intraclasts, peloids, glauconite, and bone. Facies A is a low-energy, shallow-marine bank that accumulated seaward of Facies B, which was deposited in a higher energy nearshore environment.

The Oligocene stratum is a sandy, molluscan-mold biomicrudite consisting of pelecypods, turritellid and naticid gastropods, and scaphopods (all as molds of unabraded aragonite shells) that are set in micrite. Fine, moderately well-sorted quartz sand forms 3% of the unit. Other allochems are echinoderms, foraminifers, peloids, ostracods, and bone. This is an inner or middle-shelf deposit that accumulated below wave base.

Upon subaerial exposure, the following diagenetic changes occurred: (1) high-Mg calcite skeletons, mainly echinoderms, recrystallized to low-Mg calcite, (2) most aragonite skeletons dissolved to form molds, and the carbonate either precipitated nearby as low-Mg calcite cement, or neomorphed to spar, (3) molds were reduced or filled with low-Mg spar, and (4) micrite and pelmicrite aggraded to microspar and pseudospar.

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