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The association of evaporites with a large percentage of the world's oil and gas reservoirs makes these rocks economically significant. Good core control for study of environments of deposition and diagenesis of these rocks is available in the Middle Devonian Elk Point basin, Alberta.
We have recognized 4 major types of anhydrite formation--supratidal, shallow-water, deep-water, and replacement. Supratidal anhydrite includes gypsum pseudomorphs and most of the nodular, nodular-mosaic, and mosaic types. These are identified by comparison with the anhydrite in the sabkha sequence of the Trucial Coast. Bedded anhydrite is interpreted to have been deposited in shallow water under conditions comparable with those in the Pekelmee of Bonaire Island. Tiny nodules and thin laminae of anhydrite, which are usually within or interbedded with laminated limestone, are interpreted as deep-water in origin, from their stratigraphic position in the deeper parts of the Elk Point basin. No modern analogues of these types are known. Some massive, nodular, nodular-mosaic, and mosaic anh drites, considered to be postlithification replacement types, are located on the edges of shoals, banks, and reefs, and are characterized by their relatively greater thickness and by the inclusion of carbonate fragments of the host rock within the anhydrite.
between subbasins, with the aid of additional core and density-log control, the history of the Middle Devonian basin has been reconstructed.
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