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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 65 (1981)

Issue: 5. (May)

First Page: 917

Last Page: 918

Title: Effect of Non-Hydrostatic Stress on Chemical Processes During Diagenesis: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Walter E. Dibble, Jr., Amos Nur

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Non-hydrostatic stress facilitates porosity reduction in sandstones at elevated temperatures. Experimental results indicate that chemical equilibrium between fluids and solids in fluid-saturated, porous rocks will not be attained under conditions of directed stress. In rocks in which pore fluid pressures are less than lithostatic (Pf < PL), downward directed stress at grain contacts can produce an inhomogeneous distribution of mineral solubilities. High strain at grain contacts causes higher solubilities of the solids and leads to dissolution (pressure solution), whereas growth may occur at solid/water interfaces with low surface strain. The driving free energy for coupled dissolution and growth reactions under non-hydrostatic loading is proportio al to PL - Pf. Consequently, the magnitude of the

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departure from solid/fluid equilibrium during diagenesis will increase with depth of burial if the pore fluid pressure is hydrostatic.

When mineral/fluid equilibrium is not reached, the mineral assemblage developed may be controlled by kinetic rather than thermodynamic factors. Solid phases not stable at the prevailing temperature and fluid pressure may form if high local solubilities create supersaturation in the bulk fluid with respect to many solids. The growth of minerals which decreases the total supersaturation rapidly is favored. Hence, fast-growing less-stable phases (for example, clays, zeolites, and aragonite) may form or persist at the expense of more stable but more slowly forming phases (i.e., illite, feldspars, and calcite). Consequently, the influence of both kinetic factors and bulk phase equilibrium should be considered in evaluating the genesis of mineral assemblages formed during diagenesis and bur al metamorphism.

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