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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 65 (1981)

Issue: 5. (May)

First Page: 955

Last Page: 955

Title: Comparison of Eogenetic and Mesogenetic Porosity-Diagenetic Trends in Deeply-Buried Limestone Reservoir in West Texas: ABSTRACT

Author(s): S. J. Mazzullo

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Stratigraphically trapped gaseous hydrocarbons occur in porous limestones of Atokan (Middle Pennsylvanian) age in the Chapman Deep field, along the northern shelf edge of the Delaware basin in Reeves County, Texas. These rocks were deposited as a shallow-water mosaic of cyclic algal bioherms, grainstone shoals, and low-energy interbank facies. A relatively uninterrupted sequence of porosity evolution related to early and burial diagenesis is recognized in these rocks. Syndepositional subaerial exposure resulted in the formation of a secondary pore system, including biomolds, non-fabric-selective vugs and channels, and solution-enlarged fractures. However, most of this porosity was occluded rapidly in the vadose and phreatic environments by calcite cementation, dolomitizat on, and internal sedimentation. Progressive burial to minimum depths of 13,000 ft (3,962 m) was accompanied by bulk-volume reduction via physical and chemical compaction. However, simultaneous fabric-selective dissolution rejuvenated a pore system of relatively low permeability which, enhanced by natural fractures and the presence of open stylolites, comprises the principal reservoirs in the field. Pore types include ooid and cement-solution molds; although not recognized in these rocks, burial-solution channels and vugs are reported to be relatively abundant in Smackover carbonates of the Gulf Coast region. Such tertiary porosity is easily misinterpreted as of meteoric origin, and its occurrence attests to a possible parallel evolution of eogenetic and burial-diagenetic processes and pr ducts.

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