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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 65 (1981)

Issue: 5. (May)

First Page: 982

Last Page: 982

Title: Biostratigraphy of Monterey Formation, Palos Verde Hills, Southern California: ABSTRACT

Author(s): H. Chandler Rowell

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Three members comprise the Monterey Formation in the Palos Verdes Hills: the Altamira Shale, The Valmonte Diatomite, and the Malaga Mudstone. Following the diatom zonation of Barron (in press), the middle to upper Altamira Shale ranges from Subzone b of the Denticulopsis lauta Zone through Subzone b of the Denticulopsis hustedtii-D. lauta Zone (14.5 to 12 m.y.B.P.), the Valmonte Diatomite ranges from Subzone b of the D. hustedtii-D. lauta Zone into the lower Thalassiosira antiqua Zone (13 to 8 m.y.B.P.), and the Malaga Mudstone ranges from the lower T. antiqua Zone into the lower Thalassiosira oestrupii Zone (8 to 4 m.y.B.P.), transgressing the Miocene-Pliocene boundary (5 m.y.B.P.). The overlap of up to one million years along the Altamira-Valmonte contact is not surpris ng since this contact is characterized by a diagenetic change of Opal-A to Opal-CT at most sites.

The age distribution of outcrops reflects northwest-southeast-trending anticlinorium structure of the Palos Verdes Hills, but local sections are discontinuous and deformed due to slumping, folding, and faulting during Pliocene uplift of the hills. This is best seen at Malaga Cove where folds, faults, and slumps are visible along the sea cliffs, and a short hiatus marks the Valmonte-Malaga contact.

The siliceous biostratigraphy of the Palos Verdes Hills correlates to that of the Monterey Formation at Newport Bay. However, the correlation of the siliceous zonation to the benthic foraminiferal stages (assigned by Woodring et al, and Warren) differs for the two areas.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists