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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 67 (1983)

Issue: 3. (March)

First Page: 479

Last Page: 479

Title: Seismic Stratigraphy and Clay Mineral Distribution in Shallow-Marine Siliciclastic Deposits, Central Mississippi Sound, North-Central Gulf of Mexico: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Gerald G. Harper, Frederick H. Manley, Albert C. Staheli

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Three north-south high-resolution (7 kHz) seismic profiles and 16 20-foot cores taken at shot-point locations in central Mississippi Sound were utilized to determine: (1) any meaningful seismic reflector configurations in the subsurface; (2) the clay species dispersal pattern and its relation to transport systems that move sediment into the depositional basin; (3) any change in clay mineral species that has occurred through time with respect to deposition of 5 to 6 m (16 to 20 ft) of sediment; and (4) the geologic history and sedimentary processes acting within central Mississippi Sound and adjacent areas.

Interpretation of shallow seismic events (20 m [66 ft]) and clay mineral analysis indicates that extrinsic factors largely determined the clay mineral species and geologic history of Pleistocene and Holocene sedimentation in central Mississippi Sound. Trend surface maps, residual maps, profiles of the smectite (montmorillonite) to kaolinite ratios, and seismic profiles illustrate that: (1) Mississippi Sound has been influenced by transgressions and regressions associated with proglacial and interglacial stages; (2) a toplap seismic reflection configuration forms the probable Pleistocene-Holocene boundary; (3) at least one ancient barrier island is located inside the Holocene barrier system; (4) there is a late date for sea level reaching its present location (2,500 years B.P.); (5) th influence of the Mississippi River system on sedimentation is soon after inundation of Mississippi Sound; (6) the longshore currents and flood tides supplied sediment rich in kaolinite to the study area; (7) the drainage systems emptying into the study area have local influence on clay mineral distribution; and (8) the dredging of ship channels affects the clay-mineral distribution within the sediments immediately below the sediment-water interface in central Mississippi Sound.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists