About This Item

Share This Item

The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 68 (1984)

Issue: 9. (September)

First Page: 1210

Last Page: 1210

Title: Ostracode Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Upper Taylor Group (Campian, Upper Cretaeous) in Central Texas: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Juluis Baum Chimene II, Rosalie F. Maddocks


The upper Taylor Group in Travis and Williamson Counties, Texas, is lithologically monotonous, consisting of an argillaceous marl (Pecan Gap Formation) grading upward into a calcareous claystone (Bergstrom Formation), with no identifiable lithologic breaks in 142 m (466 ft). Outcrops more than 1-2 m (3.3-6.6 ft) thick are few, and existing biostratigraphic zonations for this interval are generalized.

To examine the potential of Ostracoda for biostratigraphic subdivision of this interval, six outcrops totaling 64 m (210 ft) of exposed section were sampled at 1.5-m (5-ft) intervals. Fifty-four species of Ostracoda were identified and their stratigraphic ranges plotted. Species diversity and equitability trend lines and triangular diagrams of proportional family composition provide a basis for paleoecologic interpretation.

Three distinct assemblages of ostracodas are found in these samples, and they can be assigned to interval zones proposed by E. M. Brouwers and J. E. Hazel in 1982, which had not previously been extended to central Texas. The Pecan Gap assemblage is characterized by "Cythereis" caudata and Limburgina verricula and belongs to the Limburgina verricula Zone. The lower to upper Bergstrom assemblage is characterized by Cytheromorpha unifossula, and it contains species common to both the Limburgina verricula and the Escharacytheridea pinochii Zones. Cytherelloidea crafti and Xestoleberis ovata characterize the uppermost Bergstrom assemblage, which falls within the Escharacytheridea pinochii Zone, although the nominal species is absent.

Depositionally, the upper Taylor is a single genetic unit. The gradational nature of faunal changes and a lack of nonrandom events in the diversity and equitability trends suggest that the first and last appearances of species should approximate evolutionary events, giving maximum chronostratigraphic significance to this biozonation scheme and offering hope for eventual refinement. The composition of these assemblages indicates deposition in a low-energy environment deeper than 75 m (246 ft).

The name "Neylandville," defined by paleontologic rather than by lithologic criteria, should not be used in central Texas and possibly elsewhere. Instead, the name "Bergstrom" should encompass the entire genetic package of claystones between the Pecan Gap Formation and the Navarro Group.

End_of_Article - Last_Page 1210------------

Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists