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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 68 (1984)

Issue: 9. (September)

First Page: 1211

Last Page: 1211

Title: Thermal and Diagenetic History of Pleasant Bayou-Chocolate Bayou Area, Brazoria County, Texas: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Thomas E. Ewing, Malcolm P. R. Light, Noel Tyler


Studies of the Pleasant Bayou 1 and 2 test wells and of data from the Chocolate Bayou oil and gas field have yielded the most complete picture of a geopressured geothermal aquifer system yet obtained from the Texas Gulf Coast. The principal geothermal reservoir, the "C" (Andrau) sandstone, has outstanding porosity and permeability owing to (1) initially high porosity resulting from deposition in a winnowed distributary-mouth bar complex, (2) enhancement of porosity by secondary leaching by acid waters, and (3) isolation from late carbonate cementation. The maturity profile obtained for the test well is anomalous, but can be modeled using various time-paleotemperature and burial-history configurations. These models fall into two groups. The first assumes the present geothe mal gradient, modified by cooling of the lower Frio section by water flow. In the second, anomalously cool paleogeothermal gradients must be enhanced by the passage of warm waters through the middle Frio section. Both models indicate a fairly late origin of secondary porosity.

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