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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 69 (1985)

Issue: 2. (February)

First Page: 242

Last Page: 242

Title: Paleoenvironmental Data as Exploration Tool in Lower Miocene of Offshore Texas: ABSTRACT

Author(s): John L. Carney, Louise P. Draper, James H. Gamber, Alfred F. Geen, T. Karmen

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Most paleontological reports based on foraminiferal assemblages in well cuttings include an interpretation of the environment of deposition of the sediments penetrated. For an individual well, these data may be summarized as a paleoenvironmental curve. Data on a group of wells can be synthesized into paleoenvironmental maps and cross sections--useful tools for predicting sand distribution. These maps, used independently or in conjunction with net sand maps, can indicate the locations of ancient delta systems, hence sand sources. Paleoenvironmental cross sections graphically display transgressions and regressions.

The lower Miocene sediments in the Mustang Island and Matagorda Island areas of offshore Texas were deposited in a wide range of shelf and upper slope paleoenvironments. Paleoenvironmental maps, based on about 50 wells, suggest that a number of major delta systems developed in the Mustang Island and Matagorda Island areas during the early Miocene. Electric-log data show that thick pods of sand are associated with each of these ancient delta systems. Paleoenvironmental cross sections indicate that, although the section just above Siphonina davisi in southern Mustang Island is strongly regressive, the equivalent section in eastern Matagorda Island is transgressive. Determination of such transgressive/regressive trends is vital to predicting the dip position of potential reservoir sands. A cross section through Matagorda block 622 illustrates that a considerable thickness of deep-water sediments can overlie an older, shallower water, sandy interval. Therefore, the penetration of a thick sequence of deep-water shales does not necessarily indicate that underlying prospective sections will not be encountered.

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