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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 69 (1985)

Issue: 2. (February)

First Page: 265

Last Page: 265

Title: Crystallographic Influences on Pressure Solution in a Quartzose Sandstone: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Brian D. Hicks, David W. Houseknecht, Kenneth R. Applin

Article Type: Meeting abstract


The solubility of quartz differs with crystallographic direction. A universal stage was used to measure the orientations of the optic axes and contact planes of 160 pairs of quartz grains in the Bromide Formation (Simpson Group) of Oklahoma. These quartz grains exhibit long, sutured, and concave-convex contacts. Results indicate that the geometry of a pressolved contact is independent of the crystallographic orientation of opposing grains. However, given a concave-convex contact, the optic axis of the concave grain tends to lie at a higher angle to the contact plane than the optic axis of the convex grain. We conclude that the extent and type of pressure-solution contacts in quartzose sandstones are not significantly influenced by crystallographic orientation. Other facto s, such as grain size and clay content, are probably more important in controlling the pressure-solution features.

Geometric etch pits, which form at the point of emergence of crystal defects, were produced by hydrothermally etching quartz crystals, quartz sand, and quartzose sandstones. The abundance, nature, and distribution pattern of crystal defects inherited from source rocks might be more important factors in affecting pressure solution of quartz grains than differences in quartz solubilities arising solely from variations in Si-O bond strengths. The extent of etch-pit formation on quartz cement may also serve as a qualitative indicator of the dissolved silica saturation in pore fluids.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists