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AAPG Bulletin, V.
Depositional processes and impact on reservoir quality in deepwater Paleogene reservoirs, US Gulf of Mexico
1BP America, 200 Westlake Park Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77079; [email protected]
2BP, Chertsy Road, Sunbury-on-Thames, Middlesex TW16 7LN, United Kingdom; [email protected]
3BP America, 200 Westlake Park Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77079; [email protected]
4BP America, 200 Westlake Park Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77079; [email protected]
Reservoir deliverability is a critical risk for deepwater Paleogene reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico. Permeability can vary two orders of magnitude (1s to 100s of md) for a given porosity within a single lithofacies. The objective of this paper is to frame reservoir quality within the architectural elements of submarine gravity flows in a deepwater Paleogene field. Approximately 380 m (1246 ft) of core was described from a lower and upper reservoir, and core descriptions were integrated with routine core analysis, petrography, and laser grain size analysis data. We distinguished specific rock property suites, textural, and compositional characteristics for channel, lobe, and lobe margin depositional environments. Channel architectural elements have the best reservoir quality because they are generally relatively coarser-grained and have a relatively low abundance of silt-sized particles (average 24%) and ductile grains (average 17%) dispersed as framework grains. Lobe architectural elements in the lower reservoir display moderate reservoir quality, and are composed of fine- to very fine-grained sandstone, with an average of 34% silt and 18% ductile grains. Upper reservoir lobes contain more silt (average 40%) and ductile grains (average 29%), and poorer reservoir quality. Reservoir quality is overall poor in the lobe margins where silt-sized particles and ductile grains are most abundant. The observed textural and compositional differences from the channel, lobe, to lobe margin environments are the result of grain segregations during transport within submarine gravity flows. As a best practice, reservoir quality should be examined in a depositional environment context.
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