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AAPG Bulletin, Preliminary version published online Ahead of Print 1 October 2022.

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Stratigraphic and sedimentary constraints on presalt carbonate reservoirs of the South Atlantic Margin, Santos Basin, offshore Brazil

Carlos C. de Araújo1 , Vanessa Madrucci1 , Peter Homewood2 , Monique Mettraux2 , Camila W. Ramnani1 , and Adali R. Spadini1

1 Petrobras (Petróleo Brasileiro S.A.), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 GeosolutionsTRD, Gan, France

Ahead of Print Abstract

Presalt lacustrine carbonate rocks forming highly productive Santos Basin discoveries below Aptian evaporites are described and interpreted here. Based on rock calibration to well logs and seismic, the primary reservoir facies are Barremian-Aptian coquinas overlain by Aptian microbialites. Coquinas deposited primarily on rift highs are laterally surrounded by finer organic-rich facies that accumulated during rift-interval extensional faulting. Aptian microbial laminites, spherulitites and shrubby boundstones (“stromatolites”) accumulated during sag-interval flexural subsidence. The microbial influence, rather than exclusively abiotic processes, during the deposition of these facies has been deduced from presence of fossilized extracellular polymeric substances in laminites, shrubs and in the micritic nuclei of spherulites, additionally isotopic data are compatible with an organic, bioinduced origin. The interpreted depositional architecture and paleogeography comprise ramps, platforms and buildups, measuring tens of meters in thickness and several kilometers laterally but with marked variations in reservoir facies. Reworked facies predominate on ramps whereas buildups, located in areas with high rates of accommodation bordering the carbonate platform, are mostly stromatolites intercalated with reworked facies. No single depositional model captures the facies variability within this depositional system. Tectonics governed the system, basically controlling the accommodation space, the change over time from a freshwater rift lake to an alkaline and then saline sag lake conditioning a remarkable change in sedimentation pattern. In conclusion, physical processes-controlled sedimentation of coquinas filling the accommodation on relative lows whereas the microbial carbonates were ecologically controlled as demonstrated by the widespread organomineralization, and the distinct stacking patterns were dependant on the paleomorphology.

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Please cite this AAPG Bulletin Ahead of Print article as:

Carlos C. de Araújo , Vanessa Madrucci , Peter Homewood , Monique Mettraux , Camila W. Ramnani , Adali R. Spadini: Stratigraphic and sedimentary constraints on presalt carbonate reservoirs of the South Atlantic Margin, Santos Basin, offshore Brazil, (in press; preliminary version published online Ahead of Print 01 October 2022: AAPG Bulletin, DOI:10.1306/08082219218.