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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

GCAGS Transactions


Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions
Vol. 13 (1963), Pages 98-98

ABSTRACT: The Southeastern Alabama Brown Iron Ore District

W. Everett Smith


The brown iron ore district of southeastern Alabama is within the Coastal Plain physiographic province and includes parts of Barbour, Pike, Crenshaw and Butler Counties. The ore deposits, which consist of a mixture of hydrated ferric oxides, probably resulted from the replacement of the limestone and calcareous beds of the Clayton Formation. Minerals associated with the ore deposits include manganese oxides, siderite, glauconite and vivianite.

The test drilling and mapping project by the Alabama Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Bureau of Mines, U. S. Department of the Interior, indicates that about 700 million long tons of indicated and inferred crude brown iron ore underlies about 95,000 acres in the four county area.

Iron content of the ore ranges from 41 to 57 per cent. The phosphorous content ranges from .2 to .7 per cent, and the manganese content ranges from 0 to 5 per cent.

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