About This Item
Share This Item
Abstract: Geophysical Studies of the Northern Florida Platform Gulf of Mexico
John W. Antoine
The western edge of the North Florida Platform has been delineated in some detail by seismic reflection investigations. The platform boundary is not apparent from topographic surveys due to the thick sediment cover. The platform edge appears to coincide with the trend of a probable offshore extension of the Lower Cretaceous (Washita-Fredericksburg) reef trend.
The existence of a more recent reef, normal to the Lower Cretaceous reef, is indicated from interpretation of additional reflection records. This feature trends almost east-west and crosses the buried edge of the North Florida Platform. It can be traced for approximately 30 miles and can be aligned with an old buried shore line toward the east.
The top of the Upper Cretaceous has been traced over most of the continental slope south of the Florida Panhandle by seismic reflection profiling. The studies on the outer slope indicate that this horizon rises near the center of the platform, along longitude 86°30, to less than 5000 feet below sea level. Toward the west, near the edge of the platform at 87°30, the top of the Upper Cretaceous is at 7000 feet while toward the east where the Florida Escarpment intersects 85°30, the indicated depth is over 5700 feet below sea level.
The reflection surveys show that erosion has played a very important role in the formation of the western portion of the platform. It is evident that erosional processes have been active at least since the Upper Cretaceous. This can be interpreted to indicate that the circulation in the Gulf of Mexico, and the loop current in particular, has been essentially the same during the entire Cenozoic period.
End_of_Record - Last_Page 263-------
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND ASSOCIATED FOOTNOTES
Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas
Copyright © 1999 by The Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies