About This Item

Share This Item

The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

GCAGS Transactions


Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions
Vol. 42 (1992), Pages 473-483

Significance of Lignites in Paleocene Middle Wilcox Stratigraphy in East Central Louisiana

Donald Goddard (1), John Echols (1), Paul Comet (2)


Lignites are a ubiquitous component of the stratigraphic sequence in the deltaic depositional environment of the Wilcox Group. In the Middle Wilcox, between the Big Shale and the upper Minter oil sands, 11 principal lignites, ranging in thickness from a few inches to 5-10 feet, have been observed on E-logs and corroborated by conventional cores and side wall samples.

These extensively correlative lignites commonly overlie distributary channels and overbank bay fills. The lignites are usually overlain by shales indicating that compactional subsidense or sea level rise returned the area to shallow marine conditions. Assuming a lower delta-plain setting, the upper lignite surfaces commonly represent marine-flooding surfaces or parasequence boundaries. Peat accumulation resulting in lignites appears to represent only minor hiatuses between aggradational sands and interdistributary bay marine deposits.

Productive Minter oil sands (2 ft - 12 ft) are closely associated with lignites and may be bounded above and below by them (Bee Brake and North Bee Brake Fields). These lignites possibly act as oil migration conduits. Organic petrography and geochemistry indicate that they are good potential source rocks for hydrocarbons. The association of these lignites with possible methane gas production is as yet an uninvestigated possibility in east central Louisiana.

Pay-Per-View Purchase Options

The article is available through a document delivery service. Explain these Purchase Options.

Watermarked PDF Document: $14
Open PDF Document: $24