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Abstract: The Princess Discovery—Subsalt Gulf of Mexico: Challenges of Subsalt Imaging in a Fast-Paced Subsea Development
This paper will give 1) a brief overview of the Princess Field and its setting in the Mars Basin in the Gulf of Mexico, 2) discuss the strategy and maturation of the subsalt seismic imaging, and 3) analyze the impact on the field development.
The Princess discovery is located in 3,700 ft of water on the northern flank of the Mars Basin on blocks MC765 and 766 adjacent to the Ursa Field. Shell is the operator for BP, ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips. Drilled in the year 2000 on a poorly-imaged subsalt truncation trap, the discovery well penetrated stacked upper Miocene turbidite reservoirs.
Given the large uncertainty associated with the subsalt setting, the development system was chosen to cater for many different outcomes. This resulted in a four-well 15,000 psi capable dual flowline subsea tieback to Ursa, which can be expanded in the future. First production was achieved late 2002 initially through a well drilled to Princess from the Ursa Tension Leg Platform (TLP), followed late in the year 2003 by the first production through the subsea system, some 3 1/2 yrs after discovery. Challenges that were met during the development not only pertained to the large subsurface uncertainty, but also to the complexity of drilling high-angle extended-reach wells through shallow hazard zones and depleted reservoirs. The Princess Field reached peak production approximately 55 thousand barrels of oil per day and approximately 120 million standard cubic ft of gas per day through four wells from two different reservoirs.
The Princess Field is hidden completely underneath the East Antares salt body. At the time of discovery, the existing 3-D data yielded no sedimentary details of the field or even the position of the large Antares salt overhang. The discovery well was targeted on a limited depth-migrated long-cable 2-D image. A large range in the discovery volumes reflected the uncertainty associated with the limitations of seismic imaging below salt and the upside potential in untested stratigraphy and a possible waterflood. To support initial appraisal and development activities the first 3-D image was obtained through executing a Pre-Stack Depth Migration (PSDM) on existing 1988 seismic data. This survey proved to be in a reasonable orientation to illuminate subsalt, but lacked the offset range to provide more than a localized image of the field. Consequently a 3-D seismic survey tailored to the specific subsalt setting was acquired. This dataset has undergone various rounds of reprocessing using a number of PSDM algorithms and velocity models. Evaluation of this survey, integrated with well results and borehole seismic data, has provided a step change in the further characterization of the field. The seismic image at Princess is still evolving with technology in pursuit of further development opportunities in the field.
Acknowledgments and Associated Footnotes
1 Shell Exploration and Production Company, New Orleans/Houston
2 Shell Exploration and Production Company, New Orleans/Houston
3 Shell Exploration and Production Company, New Orleans/Houston
Copyright © 2007 by The Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies