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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Indonesian Petroleum Association


25th Annual Convention Proceedings (Volume 3), 1996
Pages 89-95

Petroleum and Refinery Previous HitWasteNext Hit Minimization and Previous HitManagementNext Hit - A Cost Effective Strategy for Establishing Sustainable Growth in the Energy Sector

Karel Haubourdin, Edward Mazuroski


Since the early 1960's, the Petroleum and Refinery Industry have made significant investments in environmental abatement control and treatment systems, particularly with respect to hazardous wastes such as catalysts and sludges, which this paper focuses on.

In Indonesia, the Government has recognized the need for environmental protection within the Refinery Industry and has introduced regulations which, in a first phase of implementation, rely on voluntary compliance.

Indonesia's environmental regulations regarding hazardous and toxic Previous HitwasteNext Hit Previous HitmanagementNext Hit incorporate many features of the USEPA's regulations concerning the same wastestreams.

The Government's (BAPEDAL) Regulation Number 19, 1994, Regarding Hazardous and Toxic Previous HitWasteNext Hit Previous HitManagementNext Hit classifies the following:

• residues of oil emulsions and sludges resulting from the exploration, production, and maintenance of production facilities as hazardous under Previous HitWasteNext Hit Code D220, and

• catalysts, activated carbon, and sludges resulting from Petroleum refining as hazardous under Previous HitWasteNext Hit Code D221.

The Previous HitmanagementNext Hit of these two wastestreams is of particular importance to Refinery Managers because of the costs of treatment and disposal, and costs associated with remediation measures in site specific cases.

To summarize the implications of existing environmental programs, and future investments in pollution control technology and systems, we find that:

Previous HitwasteNext Hit treatment is expensive, and

Previous HitwasteNext Hit minimization is cost effective.

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