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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Indonesian Petroleum Association


Proceedings of the International Symposium on Sequence Stratigraphy in S.E. Asia, 1996
Pages 73-87

Use of Windowed Seismic Attributes in 3D Seismic Facies Analysis and Pattern Recognition

David C. Carter


Large-scale lithofacies variations are often observed within subsurface depositional sequences by different seismic facies. Seismic facies are 3-dimensional units recognized visually by their amplitude, frequency, internal Previous HitreflectionNext Hit continuity, and Previous HitreflectionNext Hit configuration. Much terminology exists to describe combinations of these characteristics and define particular seismic facies, for example; Previous HitreflectionTop free, parallel-discontinuous, chaotic and clinoform facies. However, such characteristics can also be defined mathematically from 3D seismic data, using algorithms referred to as windowed seismic attributes.

Post-stack seismic attributes comprise 3 types :

i. Instantaneous seismic attributes

ii. Single-trace windowed seismic attributes

iii. Multi-trace windowed seismic attributes

Instantaneous attributes describe individual cells within a 3D volume and are commonly used to produce conventional horizon slices. In contrast, both single-trace and multi-trace attributes are calculated over a specified vertical and/or horizontal range (window) of seismic data, and therefore describe seismic character variations in 3D space. By using single-trace and multi-trace attributes defined by the top and base of mapped sequences or systems tracts, it is possible to image their internal seismic facies variations.

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