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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Journal of Sedimentary Research (SEPM)


Journal of Sedimentary Petrology
Vol. 50 (1980)No. 4. (December), Pages 1033-1048

Manganese-Nodule Bedforms and Thermohaline Density Flows in a Deep-Sea Valley on Carnegie Ridge, Panama Basin

Peter Lonsdale


Arrangements of manganese nodules in rows and cellular networks decorate Miocene chalk surfaces stripped by erosion at depths of 2700-3000 m on the north flank of Carnegie Ridge, eastern equatorial Pacific. The patterns are interpreted as bedforms, similar to the transverse ribs and stone cells of fast, shallow rivers in appearance, but probably not in origin. The powerful currents responsible for shaping these deep-sea bedforms and adjacent fields of foraminiferal sand Previous HitwavesTop are believed to be density flows of Peru Basin water that episodically spills into the warmer Panama Basin. These thermohaline density currents cascade down their erosional valley with many of the characteristics and some of the geologic competence of channelled turbidity currents.

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