About This Item

Share This Item

The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

Journal of Sedimentary Research (SEPM)


Journal of Sedimentary Research, Section A: Sedimentary Petrology and Processes
Vol. 67 (1997)No. 5. (September), Pages 923-934

Mineralogical, Geochemical (REE), and Isotopic (K-Ar, Rb-Sr, d18O) Evolution of the Clay Minerals from Faulted, Carbonate-rich, Passive Paleomargin of Southeastern Massif Central, France

Norbert Clauer (1), Francis Weber (1), Francois Gauthier-Lafaye (1), Theofilos Toulkeridis (1, 2), Jean-Pierre Sizun (1)


Mineralogical, geochemical (REE), and isotopic (K-Ar, Rb-Sr, d18O) data of < 0.2 µm clay fractions from core samples have been used to enhance our understanding of the evolution of the faulted, carbonate-rich, passive paleomargin in the southeastern French Massif Central. The fault system described at the lower part of the sedimentary sequence was active at 190 ± 20 Ma during a rifting tectono-thermal activity with important migration of hot fluids. It was active again afterwards, probably after maximum burial occurring at 110-120 Ma, as a result of the compressive Alpine activity in the region. This late shearing induced an overall throw of at least 1160 m and subsequent erosion of as much as 2000 m of s diments. However, it probably did not induce major fluid movements, which means in turn that the mineralizing fluids responsible for economic ore deposits in the margin relate to the 190-Ma-old Liassic hydrothermal event.

The Rb-Sr, K-Ar, and oxygen isotopic systematics of the clay fractions suggest that late faulting activity occurred under very low water-to-rock conditions, which did not favor widespread fluid migration. The clay material of the fault yields unreasonably widely scattered Rb-Sr and K-Ar dates, from 70 to 183 Ma, because of variable contents of radiogenic 40Ar and some unrealistic initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios, even below 0.700. The 190 Ma illites that crystallized in the fault at 200-210°C also have abnormally low d18O values of about +13.3^pmil, leading to a d18O value of the pa eofluids as high as +8.1^pmil. The 87Sr/86Sr ratios and REE distributions of acid-leached clay residues delineate two types of fluids that have probably interacted with the clay minerals. One, with an 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.7250 and a humped REE distribution pattern, is believed to be of hydrothermal origin, and the other, with an 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.7082 and a flat REE pattern, might be of recent continental origin.

Pay-Per-View Purchase Options

The article is available through a document delivery service. Explain these Purchase Options.

Protected Document: $10
Internal PDF Document: $14
Open PDF Document: $24