About This Item

Share This Item

The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 43 (1959)

Issue: 5. (May)

First Page: 992

Last Page: 1025

Title: Structure and Accumulation of Hydrocarbons in Southern Foothills, Alberta, Canada

Author(s): F. G. Fox (2)


The southern foothills of Alberta are composed of much compressed, imbricately faulted Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks in an elongate belt between the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. Within the belt structural shortening evidently has been achieved mainly by thrust faulting, accompanied by the development of drag folds, most of which are not large. The major thrust faults lie in well defined sliding zones, and they generally transect the bedding at relatively low angles. This is true for supposedly competent as well as incompetent beds, although there is apparently some refraction of fault planes between beds of differing competence. At and near the surface the faults commonly dip steeply, but this is a result of rotation and is not indicative of the dips the faults ha when formed.

Structures that originated as folds and were later faulted may not exist. Turner Valley anticline, which is commonly regarded as a faulted fold developed from a protofold, might be an exception, but the evidence is by no means conclusive.

In this area oil and gas have been found in Cretaceous, Mississippian, and Devonian rocks. The reservoirs tapped to date are associated with thrust faults and it appears that, with the possible but unproved exception of the Turner Valley pool, all the traps are fault traps. Migration of hydrocarbons might have started very early, but was not completed before the close of the Laramide revolution. There is no reason to suppose that all hydrocarbons migrated at once, or in any one direction, or that the process of migration was uninterrupted.

Pay-Per-View Purchase Options

The article is available through a document delivery service. Explain these Purchase Options.

Watermarked PDF Document: $14
Open PDF Document: $24

AAPG Member?

Please login with your Member username and password.

Members of AAPG receive access to the full AAPG Bulletin Archives as part of their membership. For more information, contact the AAPG Membership Department at [email protected].