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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 65 (1981)

Issue: 3. (March)

First Page: 555

Last Page: 556

Title: Geochronologic Studies near WIPP Site, Southeastern New Mexico: Summary and Interpretation: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Douglas G. Brookins

Article Type: Meeting abstract


The WIPP site is currently being investigated for pilot storage of defense-generated radioactive waste. A critical facet of the overall study is the question as to whether the rocks have remained closed systems with respect to their bulk chemistry and isotopic composition since formation in the Late Permian as opposed to later episodic or continuous recrystallization. Early attempts at K-Ar dating of sylvites mixed with other salts yielded inconclusive results, primarily because sylvite is not well suited for K-Ar study owing to loss of radiogenic 40Ar. Rb-Sr study of sylvites yields a 214 ± 15-m.y.B.P. isochron indicating closed system conditions to Rb and Sr since latest Permian or earliest Triassic. Pre-200-m.y.B.P. K-Ar dates have also been determined or pure langbeinites and polyhalites. When mixed with sylvite, age lowering results. The Rb-Sr systematics of aeolian clay minerals known to have interacted with the evaporite brine yield a poorly defined isochron of 390 ± 75 m.y.B.P., but the apparent date indicates that the clay mineral-brine interactions were not so severe as completely to rehomogenize Sr isotopes despite the clay-mineral alteration. A 34 ± 1.5-m.y.B.P. lamprophyre dike intrudes the evaporite sequence 16 km north of the WIPP site. Contact effects, including recrystallization of polyhalite, are restricted to within 10 m of the dike. Finally, polyhalite inclusions in one rubble chimney yield a pre-200-m.y.B.P. age indicating no major recrystallization effects due to this disturbance of the evaporite sequence. ollectively, the geochronologic studies argue for

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pre-200-m.y.B.P. formation of the evaporite minerals and stability of the rocks since that time.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists