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The AAPG/Datapages Combined Publications Database

AAPG Bulletin


Volume: 65 (1981)

Issue: 5. (May)

First Page: 996

Last Page: 996

Title: Integrated Stratigraphic and Seismic Approaches to Reservoir Mapping, Mibale Field, Offshore Zaire: ABSTRACT

Author(s): Richard H. Spaw, Donald A. Herron, Donald A. Becker

Article Type: Meeting abstract


Located on a north-northwest-trending growth fault block on the continental shelf of offshore Zaire, the Mibale field produces medium grade oil from the Cretaceous Pinda Formation and is sealed by calcareous shales of the overlying Iabe Formation. An integrated geologic-geophysical study of the field resulted in detailed characterization and mapping of the Pinda reservoir, from which locations for future development and water injection wells have been selected.

The Albian-Cenomanian carbonates and terrigenous clastics of offshore Zaire form a transgressive sequence comprised of landward thickening supratidal and intertidal deposits, and seaward thickening subtidal deposits. In the Mibale field major lithofacies are: (1) supratidal--thick-bedded sandstones and dolomites, with minor shales and anhydrites; (2) intertidal--thin-bedded shales, dolomites, and sandstones with minor anhydrites; and (3) subtidal--(a) thick-bedded dolomites and sandstones; (b) dolomites; and (c) lime wackestones to packstones containing various skeletal and non-skeletal grains.

Cores show that the sandstones and dolomites have better permeabilities than the limestones. The areal distribution of permeable reservoirs is controlled by facies configuration, growth-fault movements, and secondary dolomitization. Within a single facies, thickness variations greater than 300 ft (91 m) occur.

Because of the unpredictable thickness variations, seismic inversions (pseudo-sonic logs) were used to define the subsurface configuration of depositional and diagenetic facies across the field. Inversions were carefully calibrated to sonic logs and used for direct interpretation of lithology in areas lacking well control. Structure and gross pay maps, as well as lithologic and petrophysical characteristics of reservoir facies, enabled engineers to develop a three-dimensional simulation model of the field.

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Copyright 1997 American Association of Petroleum Geologists