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Abstract

AAPG Bulletin, V. 103, No. 4 (April 2019), P. 769-796.

Copyright ©2019. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists. All rights reserved.

DOI: 10.1306/09181816529

Hydrocarbon accumulation processes and mechanisms in Lower Jurassic tight sandstone reservoirs in the Kuqa subbasin, Tarim Basin, northwest China: A case study of the Dibei tight gas field

Xiongqi Pang,1 Junwen Peng,2 Zhenxue Jiang,3 Haijun Yang,4 Pengwei Wang,5 Fujie Jiang,6 and Ke Wang7

1State Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; Basin and Reservoir Research Center, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; [email protected]
2State Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; Basin and Reservoir Research Center, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; present address: Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas; [email protected]
3State Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; [email protected]
4PetroChina Tarim Oilfield Company, Korla, China; [email protected]
5Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, Sinopec, Beijing, China; [email protected]
6State Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; Basin and Reservoir Research Center, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; [email protected]
7State Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; Basin and Reservoir Research Center, China University of Petroleum (Beijing), Beijing, China; [email protected]

ABSTRACT

The Dibei gas field is a large tight gas field located in the Kuqa subbasin, Tarim Basin, northwestern China. The reservoir is within the Lower Jurassic Ahe Formation (J1a) and has porosity and permeability ranges of 2%–8% and 0.01–1 md, respectively. Two episodes of hydrocarbon charge are identified based on a detailed study of fluid-inclusion petrography and microthermometry, fluorescence spectroscopy characteristics, and the thermal maturity of both gas and light oil. Low-maturity oil as represented by hydrocarbon inclusions with yellow-green fluorescence entered the reservoir circa 23–12 Ma, whereas high-maturity hydrocarbons, as indicated by hydrocarbon inclusions with blue-white fluorescence, have charged the reservoir since 5 Ma. The hydrocarbon charge process combined with porosity evolution determined the present gas–water distribution characteristics in the Dibei gas field. Porosity in the J1a sandstone reservoir was relatively high during the first episode of hydrocarbon charge, which allowed oil to migrate upward and accumulate in structural highs under buoyancy. From 5 Ma to the present, the Dibei gas field experienced strong tectonic compression associated with intense thrust-fault reactivation, causing deformation and oil leakage from the reservoir. Continuous tight sand deposits along the slope areas, located far away from the active faults, became favorable accumulation sites for gas derived from the underlying Triassic source rocks. Hydrocarbon accumulation along the slope area in the Ahe Formation is dominantly controlled by equilibrium between hydrocarbon-generation pressure and capillary pressure.

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