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Abstract: Lower Tertiary Wilcox and Midway Sequences in the Subsurface, Downdip Rio Grande Embayment, South Texas
Over 85 wells were used for a detailed analysis of the stratigraphy, from the base Reklaw to top Cretaceous, in the southern, downdip, subsurface, portion of the Rio Grande embayment. Well selection was based on the availability of samples, as each well was examined for lithology and mineralogy, missing sections (faults and unconformities), faunal content and time lines, paleobathymetry, and e-log correlation.
The Wilcox Formation is divisible into upper (Eocene P-6), middle (Paleocene P-5), and lower (Paleocene P4) sequences. The Midway is dealt with as one unit (Paleocene P 1-3).
The results identify eight regional unconformities, which separate seven stratigraphic sequences. They are from youngest to oldest: top Wilcox; lower, upper Wilcox; middle Wilcox: lower middle Wilcox and lower middle Wilcox, expanded; lower Wilcox; lower Wilcox expanded; and Midway.
Depending upon the dip position and structural complexity at any given well location, the presence, absence, and/or thickness of the sequences can vary.
Additional wells outside the area of the study show the above sequences are correlative through central Texas and northward into the Southeast Texas salt dome basin.
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Acknowledgments and Associated Footnotes
PCI, Houston, Texas
Copyright © 2002 by The Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies