About This Item
- Full TextFull Text(subscription required)
- Pay-Per-View PurchasePay-Per-View
Purchase Options Explain
Share This Item
Diagenetic Stabilization of Aragonite and Low-Mg Calcite, II. Stable Isotopes in Rudists
Ihsan S. Al-Aasm, Jan Veizer
Cretaceous rudists, having thick, multilayered bimineralic (aragonite and low-Mg calcite) shells, have been studied for the effects of phreatic/vadose meteoric diagenesis on their microstructural and isotopic attributes. Rudist skeletal components with preserved original mineralogy of aragonite and low-Mg calcite, and with preserved microstructures, have isotopic signatures analogous to Holocene marine bivalves. This similarity argues for a comparable isotopic composition of the Cretaceous and Holocene seawater, as well as for a similar mode of incorporation of stable isotopes into their shells. Diagenetic stabilization of rudist shells appears to have been a two-stage process, with low-Mg calcite diagenetic calcite (LMC dLMC), and particularly aragonite diagenetic calcite (A dLMC), transformation as the first step and cementation as a later development. The direct A dLMC mineralogical transformation (= calcitization) results in initial depletion in 18O of <=2 and the subsequent diagenetic precipitation of ferroan calcite spar causes depletion in 13C as well as an additional decrease in 18O; the former due to introduction of organically derived CO2 into the diagenetic aquifer. In contrast, 13O and
13C isotopic depletions in the originally LMC skeletal components are both related to the precipitation of the late diagenetic ferroan sparry calcite cement, the earlier calcitization stage being of subordinate importance only.
Pay-Per-View Purchase Options
The article is available through a document delivery service. Explain these Purchase Options.
|Protected Document: $10|
|Internal PDF Document: $14|
|Open PDF Document: $24|